VI. The End of a World
There is another source that describes this age of obscurity. This source is easily and readily discredited by the established chronology as it enters the psychic world – grounds upon which the scientific community rarely tread. Though, if ever there was a clear and undeniable proof of psychic phenomena, his name was Edgar Cayce. There is no doubt amongst researchers of the paranormal that he was one of the most gifted psychics of the past century, and perhaps of all history. Though he is very well known, at least within occult studies, a short biography is necessary in order to establish the flawless purity of his work.
In his youth, he was a promising photographer and always a kind and loving person, but it was not until he was hypnotized that he discovered his true calling. It was soon quite apparent that in a state of trance he was able to travel from his body through time and space, seemingly beyond the boundaries of physics. He began his career by healing people. This he would do from within his sleep-like trance. His secretary would relate the location of his patient and describe their ailment. With this information, Cayce would find the person in question within minutes or seconds, regardless of how far away they were. He could literally enter into their bodies and examine the ailment, all while his own body ‘slept’ on a couch! He would then describe the issue and give a proper remedy. When he awoke, he had no recollection whatsoever of the conversation he had just had with his secretary, but nearly every session he performed, his commentary was spot on. If his secretary made a mistake in her dictation, he would often comment from trance on the error. Sometimes he would even specify where to insert grammatical notations and punctuation, though his eyes were closed, or fluttering open and closed. We see this state described in Buddhist emblems, where the eyelids are often stylized as half closed, to show a state of half sleep and half wakefulness – the border between conscious and subconscious activity. This is also known as the hypnogogic state.
His readings for medical patients are numerous and cover nearly every concern that could arise within the human body. They are still used as references today by his students. After years of this work, however, he moved into a new field that was perhaps more suited for a clairvoyant of this caliber. He began giving readings to people who wished to know of their past lives, what is known today as past life regression readings. He described to them the path of their karmic evolution as they became reincarnated life after life. This in itself was somewhat shocking, as he was a devout Christian and the concept of reincarnation was often thought to be the domain of only the eastern religions, yet Cayce held the conviction that it was a fact of nature. In this way, he brought great legitimacy to the more Gnostic view of Christianity. In this time, he guided many people into a greater understanding of their own purpose. Indeed, there is much evidence that Jesus himself preached the doctrine of reincarnation and that this teaching was even the single greatest ommission made by the Roman Church when they purged the Biblican canon of all wisdom that truly preached the Nirvanic path. By removing reincarnation and karma from Christ’s teachings, their motive became clearly, not to illuminate the masses, but to control them, as we shall soon enough see.
In the final stage of his life, Cayce moved towards work geared not towards individuals, but to the whole of humanity. He aimed to help answer questions of our origins and the truth regarding history. He projected himself into the future and the deep recesses of the past. Today his readings regarding Atlantis are perhaps some of his most memorable works. At this stage of his career, he already held a high social status. Politicians and aristocrats pleaded to have just minutes of his time and he was undisputed as a true prophet and seer. Even those within the White House begged for his advice. His influence was felt throughout all disciplines and livelihoods. Yet this high seat he held in society was obtained not by helping to build up the conceptions already present in society, but by refusing such claims and correcting them. So it was that, when he entered into the study of the antediluvian world, defending the widely upheld theories was not in his agenda.
By the time he died, he had established The Association for Research and Enlightenment (ARE) in Virginia Beach. This was a foundation for his teachings and followers, complete with a hospital and library. In the library contains a complete collection of the Cayce readings. Though he had been cautioned within his own readings not to perform more than two a day, (as they had been very strenuous on his health) towards the apex of his career, he was giving up to eight in a single day. This was because he had such a hard time saying no to a person in need. By the end of his life he had given over 14,000 readings – the largest body of psychic material ever collected from a single source.
Therefore, if one wishes to dispute that psychic phenomena is but some mystical fantasy, then let them pour through this room full of writing, which boasts an immaculate track record (in the cases of those who heeded the advice given) and perfect continuity of content, before they deem the science such a farce. Today, there are countless books devoted to his life and teachings, many focusing specifically on his Atlantis research, and many books that were written by his own hand. Besides this, the foundation also holds circulating files containing texts of all readings within specific subjects. For example, one may address thyroid issues, or meditation techniques or regression readings that all describe a certain period.
When visiting the foundation years ago, one circulating file caught my eye, its title – Archaeology: Egypt and Gobi 10,500 BC. I was well aware that this was a special combination of place and time. Based on the work of John West and his companions, this was the time when the Sphinx and Pyramids at Giza were most likely built, heralding the dawn of the Age of Leo and aligning the three Great Pyramids to Orion’s Belt. West and Bauval had proved the same thing at the same time, in two different ways, through weathering and astrological dating. Seeing a Cayce file with Egypt and that exact number – 10,500 BC – gave me chills. Knowing that these files were for sale, I could not get the money out of my pocket fast enough.
The document pieces together various regression readings to paint a picture of Egypt at this time, a firsthand view so to speak. Much of the scenario is rooted in what Cayce called the Law of One. This refers to the gradual separation from the ‘One’, which Cayce said was still going on as late as 11,000 BC. His story begins with the Prophet Ra Ta, (one who achieved Ra consciousness) who Cayce claimed to have been his own past incarnation. He told the people that this separation process could be reversed by implementing spiritual understanding to mankind. He lived in the Kingdom of Ararat to the Northeast of the Mediterranean Sea.
Egypt, though, was the land that would serve as the focal point of the world at this time and therefore it was chosen as the best place to make an example that the world might follow. Ra Ta prophesied that Arart, the son of Ararat, would lead the people into Egypt. This came to be true and with only 900 followers, he took control of the land. The King at the time, Raai, surrendered to avoid unnecessary bloodshed. The political system was greatly altered. Schools, unions, welfare programs and taxes were instituted and the followers of Arart replaced the previous nobility that had ruled the land.
The nobles were angry at this and they revolted. They established their own Kingdom in the southern-most region of Egypt and constantly attacked the northern rulers. In the North, many people were content to live under the rule of Arart, though many were dissatisfied with the fact that all their leaders were foreigners. Soon though, Arart made great compromises in order to establish equality within the system. He even stepped down from the throne, passing it to his son Araaraart as well as his newly adopted son Aarat who was a respected native.
The system then became a bureaucracy with each of the co-rulers having a cabinet or high counsel. Ra Ta served as the chief advisor and often when he traveled abroad, he would return to find lesser conditions than when he left. One time, upon returning, he became distressed at the state of things and went about correcting the situation in a fierce rage. Thus, he seemed to be the disciplinary father of the country.
Ralij, the brother of Araaraart and son of Arart, developed a plot to get rid of Ra Ta. He convinced Ra Ta that he was the most perfect man alive and that he should therefore, mate with the most perfect woman in order to bring about the unification of the ONE once more. Though he was already married to Asua, he had a child with the woman Ralij had suggested, Isris. The illegitimate child was named Iso. Now the conspirators took Ra Ta to court and claimed that he had broken his own law of monogamy. His guilt was found and his wife left him, while his son, Ra-La-Ral, ascended to high priest and supported the claim that his father was a criminal. Those against him called for his death but his many supporters pleaded for his pardon by the king. Finally, Araaraart decided to take Iso, the child and to banish Ra Ta and Isris.
With Ra Ta gone, Ralij attacked his brother’s palace and stole women of the royal family. He stole a great deal of wealth which he used to establish his own palace in Ibex, where he began his plot to overthrow all of Egypt with military force. Meanwhile, the citizens were again in revolt. Dissatisfied with Araaraarts inability to preserve peace, they demanded the return of Ra Ta. They claimed that he was the only one who could make Egypt flourish. At the same time, masses of Atlanteans were immigrating to Egypt to escape from the catastrophe (not necessarily the final catastrophe) that was destroying their homeland. They were also seeking political control on account of their perceived racial superiority over the native peoples.
Ra Ta, in his banishment took the opportunity to establish a separation from the chaos in Egypt. He knew that solitude would be needed in order to tune himself to the natural forces. With over 200 faithful followers, he traveled through Lybia, Abyssinia and Nubia. Though originally met with suspicion, a Nubian princess was convinced of their benevolent nature and allowed them to reside there. The hostility soon faded as the people realized that Ra Ta’s council to the princess was enriching their lives. Soon he had become so well loved, as once he was in Egypt, and temples were established throughout the land. Ra Ta devoted most of his time to meditation and to raising his family with Isris.
In Egypt, war had torn the land for nearly a decade. All wanted a return to peace. With Ralij in exile, many powers were now petitioning for the return of Ra Ta. At this point he was growing older and these events were a strain on him. His health was restored, though, and he made his way back to the country that awaited his command. Finally, the people of Egypt were reunited in their spiritual purpose. The co-rulership was ended so that Ra Ta became the supreme authority over the land.
At this time, the world’s eye was focused on Egypt and leaders of the world came around to watch the progress made by the great priest. With peace reinstated it was only fitting to memorialize the achievements in stone.
This was, after all, the dawn of the Age of Leo, and so it was fitting to create a lion. The Three Great Pyramids and the Sphinx were then constructed. The Great Pyramid was emblematic of divine influence and was dedicated to those who aligned their will with the creator’s and who tuned themselves into the creative forces. The sarcophagus was a symbol to remind all that death is physical and not spiritual, and it was never meant to hold any bodies besides those who went through the process of initiation there, fully alive.
As a time capsule, written records, drawings, tombs and various arts of the day were preserved in underground chambers within the Giza complex. The entrance to these chambers, said Cayce, was found beneath the front paws of the Sphinx. After completing his mission here on earth, Ra Ta became known as Ra.
An obvious question that might arise from this story is in regards to the timeline. This question was asked quite directly to Cayce. In a reading from 1932, he was asked,
What was the date of the actual beginning and ending of the construction of the Great Pyramid?
Was one hundred years in construction. Begun and completed in the period of Araaraarts time, with Hermes and Ra.
What was the date BC of that period?
10,490 to 10,390 before the Prince entered into Egypt. [Christ]
My brain melted a little when I read this. Cayce suggested this date half a century before Robert Bauval or any other researchers had even begun to look for astrological dating, yet it matches exactly to the time when the monuments matched the sky. Now Cayce’s suggestion, astrological dating and geological weathering are all telling us the same thing. This one conclusion was arrived at by three independent methods. Personally, I feel as though the matter is solved – Giza came from a whole other time; a completely different world. It is not 4,500 years old, but 12,500 and perhaps older still, at least in part.
What else did Cayce tell us? In his readings, he often referenced sites and objects that were not yet discovered. In many cases he even predicted when the discovery would come. Though many skeptics dismiss his work because it is not tangible and visible, many of his predictions have come true. He had predicted the stock market crash, the rise of Hitler and the beginning of World War II. Within the Atlantean theme, however, perhaps one of the more popular and astonishing claims he made was that the Nile River used to flow west, rather than north, and emptied into the Atlantic Ocean rather than the Mediterranean. He mentioned this three times throughout his readings…
The Nile entered into the Atlantic Ocean. What is now the Sahara was an inhabited land and very fertile.
In the one before this we find again in this same land now called Egypt (this before the mountains rose in the south, and when the waters called the Nile then emptied into what is NOW the Atlantic Ocean)…
In those periods when the first change had come in the position of the land, when the Nile (or Nole, then) emptied into what is now the Atlantic Ocean, on the Congo end of the country. What is now as the Sahara was a fertile land.
In recent years, this theory has gained much support from the scientific community. Science magazine, August 1986, reported that Shuttle Imaging Radar had discovered river valleys beneath the driest parts of the Sahara that were previously unknown. Time magazine (December 1982) also detailed definitive evidence that a great region of desert in southern Egypt and Sudan was a long ago a network of waterways. The article states that astronauts on the Columbia
“took a 50-km-wide scan of the Sahara from the shuttle. Radar waves generally penetrate only a few centimeters of the earth, since the beams are dissipated by moisture in the surface of land. But in the dry Sahara, the radar waves were able to pierce to depths of five meters, reflecting from bedrock…The images revealed stream channels, broad flood plains and what millenniums ago had been great river valleys, some as wide as those of the Nile.”
As previously mentioned, Cayce also predicted that around 1968 or 1969, a part of Atlantis would be discovered off the Atlantic Coast of America. On September 2, 1968, J. Valentine discovered the Bimini Road, which caused a great resurgence of interest in Cayce’s Atlantis information.
His followers, members of the A.R.E., have conducted searches for the lost continent based on his descriptions. Much attention has logically been given to the Bimini Road. According to Cayce, Atlantis was destroyed in a final catastrophe that took place around twelve thousand years ago. At this time, sea level was at least 300 feet below current levels. He described the area of Bimini as being a great island, as opposed to the small chain of islands we see today. He called it an ancient mountaintop within Atlantis. Andros Island, lying approximately 100 miles to the East, was at one time a peak on the very same island. It was known as Poseidia and was one of several Atlantean islands.
Cayce related that in this area was a hall of records that preserved the history of Atlantis, though it had been submerged with the rest of the island and was now covered over by the ‘slime of the ages’. This hall of records, he noted, was identical to one that existed in Egypt. The presence of this Egyptian Hall of Records is one more prediction of Cayce’s that also came to be confirmed.
Cayce spoke of the entrance to the ‘archives’ being beneath the front paws of the Sphinx. Naturally, many have wondered at whether or not this is true. Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, in Message of the Sphinx, have insisted that American archaeologists and the Egyptian Government have blocked research into the theory.
In Egypt, and specifically Giza, Zahi Hawass was the man in charge. As the former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs, practically all on-site research permission must be obtained through him, and it is safe to say that he has been quite opposed to the ‘symbolist school’ in general.
He has sought to dismiss the theory of underground chambers at Giza. He drilled several holes into the ground around the Sphinx to measure the water table and to probe cameras underground. He drilled beneath the rear left paw and a few other spots, finally claiming that no chamber was found. Notably, Cayce never mentioned anything whatsoever about the back paws… Yet in one of these core samples was found GRANITE, at a significant depth. There is no granite in the bedrock of Giza whatsoever, so certainly this meant that there was a structure built underground.
Hawass was very skeptical of John Anthony West’s work re-dating the Sphinx, claiming that various people present new and radical ideas about the Sphinx every day. Over the years, however, he has been careful not to directly deny West’s theory, knowing too well that he may be correct and if it became accepted, he would have saved his own reputation. As time went on, he became more and more agreeable to West (though the same was not true for Robert Bauval or Graham Hancock).
Finally, in 1991 and 1993 West, Schoch and seismologist, Thomas Dobecki, were allowed to conduct geologic and seismic surveys of the Sphinx area.
Their conclusion indicated, “the existence of several unexplored tunnels and cavities in the bedrock beneath the Sphinx, including a large rectangular chamber at a depth of some 25 feet beneath the monuments front paws.”
Truly a stunning discovery. John and Schoch had not only demolished the accepted timeline of the origin of civilization, but now also discovered what may well be the entrance to a hall of Atlantean artifacts. It seemed this was the case. Yet, Hawass still attempted to deny it and allowed no attempts to access the chamber. He says:
“The techniques such projects use do not directly reveal chambers and passages. They only show “anomalies,” that must be interpreted as chambers and passages. Faults and other natural features can also produce anomalies. We cannot give permission to dig into the natural rock of the Sphinx, or to drill into the Sphinx on the basis of anomalies, especially now that our highest priority is to conserve the Sphinx. Remote sensing programs should anyway be carried out elsewhere to test the techniques, and to demonstrate that it works before it is used to make sensational claims of secret rooms in the Sphinx.
Meanwhile, we struggle in our department to save the Sphinx and many other sites and monuments for future generations. We work hard to organize the site for tourism, so all can enjoy our monuments, and we try to balance tourism with conservation. If we found evidence of a civilization older than that of the dynastic Egyptians, we would not, and could not, keep it from the public. Nor do we try to stop reasonable research. The list of remote sensing surveys at the Sphinx proves that we have not prevented this kind of research – and the list is even longer for those who have probed the pyramids. But now other priorities are far more urgent, and we cannot allow digging and drilling into the Sphinx on the off-chance that somehow we have missed the only evidence of a lost civilization!”
Robert Bauval states,
“The Giza necropolis, it seems, has finally decided to discharge all its secrets at once. For not far from the Great Pyramid, in a shallow enclave to the East, is the Great Sphinx. It, too, may be guarding a treasure-trove under its belly: a “Hall of Records” of a civilization long lost in the mist of time. There, too, with amazing synchronicity, an entrance to such a vault has been known since 1993. Why have these “chambers” not yet been opened? What could be within them? Could the Egyptian authorities know more than they are letting on?”
Talk of underground chambers and passageways in the Sphinx territory stretches back even to before Cayce’s time, yet today it is becoming more and more apparent that something is not right. Either permission to enter the chambers has been intentionally withheld, or else, as some hypothesize, they have already been accessed and the findings are classified. Cayce said that the Hall of Records could only be opened by those of the Order that closed it in – the Children of the Law of One. This is another mystery that has no definitive answer yet, but perhaps time will tell. The Law of One may be more relavent now than ever, and it will arise again before our story is through.
It is openly known, at his point, that there is a hatch on the head of the Sphinx, as well as a small chamber entrance in the ‘rump’ and another hatch on her back. In 1914, Professor G. A. Reisner of Harvard University carried out an excavation of the door in the top of the head, and soon published an article with the following illustration. This was a very thorough and well funded excavation, yet suddenly, the trail went cold and through some crafty american journalism, it was soon thought that the entire thing was a hoax. Clearly something was discovered, or else the Antiquities Department would allow us to point a camera into this shaft in the head, to dispel the rumors forever, yet this simple action has not been taken, and the hatch is clearly visible to all, especially in this age of drone footage.
Yet when visiting the Sphinx Temple or Valley Temple, not one hundred feet away, we see countless doorways in the bedrock walls leading into the underground, though all barred with metal gates and locks. I was grilled by many guards just for photographing these doors. There they were, in great numbers – MANY entrances to the underground, which I’ve never even read about. Yet of all these intriguing spaces we’ve never even heard of, much less seen, there is one that is the epitome of the phrase ‘hidden in plain sight’. Just behind the Sphinx Stelae, nestled just under the great lion’s chest, between her arms, and inaccessible to tourists, is a an open square shaft, rimmed in rusted metal that leads straight down. But who is allowed inside? Hawass and his chosen ones.
Across the Giza Plateau are countless shafts that run straight down into the ground to unknown depths. One of the most famous of these is the ‘Osiris Tomb’, but there must be over a hundred. Many of these are filled in with sand just ten or twenty feet below the ground level, but others fade down into blackness. To remove all the sand from even one of these shafts is a monumental task, especially considering how quickly it would fill itself back in unless a building is placed around it.
The entrances to the underworld are unlimited at Giza and we know from more sources than just Cayce, that beneath this area is a vast expanse of space that was utilized in ancient times. It is quite possible that there exists below the sands of Egypt, twice or more the relics that have been discovered above the surface. It is possible that the vast majority of the Egyptian civilization, or at least the vast majority of the physical artifacts that still remain there, are underground. A certain friend of mine, who is definitely a world authority on the Egyptian Temples, mentioned to me that they had seen spaces underground in Egypt that were ‘as large as the city of LA’ and that they could show me many of them as well…
Somehow, these are all well kept secrets and no videos or photos have come forward, with the exception of the ‘Cave of the Birds’ discovered by Andrew Collins. There was video of this tunnel, but Hawass quickly sealed it up with a cemented gate. The walls were crude, seemingly naturally formed, but many were carved into crocodilian shapes. The tunnel seemed to be connected much further into a greater network, but now, who knows if or when we shall ever see it.
It is clear, however that Cayce’s work in identifying Atlantis as a very real and historical civilization, is quite serious. To him, it was no fable. He referred to Atlantis no fewer than seven hundred times over a span of twenty years. His work is only one more clue to the grand mystery and this source will be of more use in the following chapters. Before moving on, however, let us examine, a bit more closely, Reading 5748-6, given on July 1st, 1932. He speaks of a prophecy that can ‘read’ within the stonemasonry ascending corridor of the Great Pyramid. This is a timeline that proceeds forwards to the apocalypse, or great revealing, which is occurring in our present world. In the Pyramid, the timeline ascends from the entrance and this ‘end time’ which is physically represented by the King’s Chamber itself. Each ‘Pyramid inch’ corresponds to a year of our time.
9. (Q) What definite details are indicated as to what will happen after we enter the period of the King’s Chamber?
(A) When the bridegroom is at hand, all do rejoice. When we enter that understanding of being in the King’s presence, with that of the mental seeking, the joy, the buoyancy, the new understanding, the new life, through the period.
10. (Q) What is the significance of the empty sarcophagus?
(A) That there will be no more death. Don’t misunderstand or misinterpret! but the INTERPRETATION of death will be made plain.
11. (Q) If the Armageddon is foretold in the Great Pyramid, please give a description of it and the date of its beginning and ending.
(A) Not in what is left there. It will be as a thousand years, with the fighting in the air, and – as has been – between those returning to and those leaving the earth.
(A) In this particular period of Araaraart and of the priest (that began those understandings – and passed through those of the hell in the misinterpretation of same), there was even then the seeking through those channels that are today called archaeological research.
In those periods when the first change had come in the position of the land, there had been an egress of peoples – or THINGS, as would be called today – from the Atlantean land, when the Nile (of Nole, then) emptied into what is now the Atlantic Ocean, on the Congo end of the country. What is now as the Sahara was a fertile land, a city that was builded in the edge of the land, a city of those that worshipped the sun – for the use of its rays were used for supplying from the elements that which is required in the present to be grown through a season; or the abilities to use both those of introgression and retrogression – and mostly retrograded, as we are in the present. The beginnings of these mounds were as an interpretation of that which was crustating in the land. (See, most of the people had tails then!) In those beginnings these were left.
When there was the entrance of Arart and Araaraart, they begin to build upon those mounds which were discovered through research. With the storehouse, or record house (where the records are still to be uncovered), there is a chamber or passage from the right forepaw to this entrance of the record chamber, or record tomb. This may not be entered without an understanding, for those that were left as guards may NOT be passed until after a period of their regeneration in the Mount, or the fifth root race begins.
In the building of the pyramid, and that which is now called the Mystery of Mysteries [the Sphinx], this was intended to be a MEMORIAL – as would be termed today – to that counsellor who ruled or governed, or who acted in the capacity of the director in the MATERIAL things in the land.”
“What these people carried were records of the movement of stars and constellations.”
– Reading 364-4
“The monuments were unearthed and added to from time to time…many were buried beneath shifting sands.”
Here we see that the when these Atlantean immigrants first reached Egypt, they themselves were archaeologists, who began to excavate the ruins they sought out. They built, restored and expanded the temples and pyramids. He also affirms that such monuments were stellar observatories and that, with these immigrants came the Atlantean astronomical records that spanned back many millennia themselves. This is not to say that the Egyptians did not also have extensive records at that time, but this supplementation may have been the ‘boost’ that Egyptian culture seems to have received in this age when it built, or expanded construction at Giza, around 12,500 years ago…
This is merely to ‘scratch the surface’ of the ‘tip of the ice berg’ within the ‘ocean of wisdom’ Cayce left for us in his 14,000+ readings, but we must return to the records of antiquity that describe the conundrum of our lost history. We have already seen countless similarities in mythology that seem to prove a lost connection between the populations of geographically isolated territories. We have noted many themes that are connected by the most specific of details. Among these themes is that of the great catastrophe which annihilated a race due to their disrespect for the laws of nature. Also included in these concepts, is that of a ‘frame of time’ that can be measured, and may be the key to predicting future cataclysms.
These myths, however, are not the only records left for us. We have also acknowledged the stonework, artwork, religions, and chronologies of some of these ancient nations. Now we must examine another field in which major incongruities threaten to overturn the classical timeline.
“What man knows is little enough and most of his general concepts in every field are vitiated by the artificial concepts he has created to cover his ignorance. These concepts must be destroyed. One tool exists that can accomplish this destruction, and this tool is in your hands. It is simply curiosity—the instinct to ask and to question. It should be kept sharp and used without mercy.”
– Charles Hapgood
The final field to examine is that of the curious maps. To enter into this field, expecting to confirm modern beliefs, one would become stumped quite quickly. The modern view suggests that the Age of Exploration began around the early fifteenth century. It was enabled by advancements in navigation and shipbuilding. Many explorers then took to the seas in order to find new trading partners, shipping routes and to search for new lands. Explorers often lacked funding and supplies for their journeys, so they would ask for sponsorship from governments, which had their own intentions.
It is important to note that, especially at the dawn of this age, navigation was still very primitive, as was cartography. Maps were originally made based on land features that could be seen as one traveled, but this was only useful for voyages close to the coast. For open ocean travel, much more complex means were necessary. Many maps, dating from the sixteenth century and earlier, demonstrated technology that apparently did not exist until much later.
There are many books of interest on the subject, notably, Charles H. Hapgood’s Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings. The book chooses wisely to bring strong attention to the famous Piri Reis Map. This is a map of the ancient world, focusing on the South Atlantic. The map references parts of the world that were unknown in its time, (1513 AD). The map itself states that it was compiled from many earlier source maps that are no longer available, but which had likely been kept at Alexandria at one time. The strangest part is that the Piri Reis map actually shows Antarctica.
Now, not only was Antarctica supposed to have been discovered around 1820 – over 300 years after the map was created (from older maps), but it accurately depicts the coastline – only today that same coastline is covered over by ice sheets approximately a mile thick. In other words, the coastline is no longer accessible or visible. It matches closely the seismic profile made from atop the ice cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.
Graham Hancock used the following letter as the opening page of Fingerprints of the Gods, due to it’s shocking implications and obvious importance. It is such a definitive statement, that it commands ones attention immediately, and crushes their worldview in one blow.
This is another one of those breakthroughs. Only with advanced instruments are we even able to see the shape of this coastline today. This is absolute proof that either the coast was mapped before the ice sheet existed – at a time when this region was not the ice cap that it has since become…
Or else someone long before the Sixteenth Century had seismic or sonar scanning technology that could peer through a mile of ice…
In The Secret Doctrine, H. P. Blavatsky states that, “If we hold at present only to the astronomical and geographical significance it may be found that the ancients knew the topography and nature of the Arctic and Antarctic regions better than any of our modern astronomers.”
Now we’re talking about something much bigger. Though we may not know the exact age of the source maps that Piri Reis used as reference, we must admit that they were of extreme antiquity, and perhaps more importantly, that they were drawn around or before the time of these drastic earth changes. At the very least it proves that a society advanced enough to draw these maps existed at the time, but it implies much more. It implies that at this remote time, oceans were crossed and this implies an ancient age of navigation and exploration. It lends enormous support to the idea that someone was aware of the shape and size of the earth in those ancient days and was able to travel from continent to continent.
It implies that at least a vast portion of Antarctica may have once been inhabited by a lost civilization, waiting there beneath the ice, for us to discover…
Perhaps, Antarctica was Atlantis, or at least part of it’s Global Empire…
Now, as the ice caps melt, much is being revealed – at least one very substantial pyramid is now visible on the continent…
Imagine how far we ourselves have come since our own age of exploration. It has only been the last half a millennium that we have gained ‘global awareness’ or intercontinental trade routes at the least. How long were the ancients in this position? What are the chances that, with such technology as is necessary to accurately map the coastline, these ancient seafarers were locked into only one region of the globe? They could cross oceans, this means they could go to any continent and show any culture how to build their own boats. Therefore, if we see ocean travel and accurate cartography (in ANY given period of history), it would naturally, only be a matter of one or two centuries before the whole general shape of the planet would be known, and within this process of mapping and navigating, such knowledge would have been diffused throughout the whole of it by then. This is what is meant by Global Awareness. We achieved this quite quickly in our last age of exploration, as all of the Eastern Hemisphere was mapped by land to various degrees in different regions. The New World was generally explored and mapped within a century or two. In truth, it’s a small world after all.
Certainly the Piri Reis map is one of the most provocative and exemplary, but it is not the only one to show Antarctica before it was apparently discovered. For instance, the famous Mercator map, which dates from 1569 clearly shows Antarctica. This was the first ‘cylindrical’ style map, a style that would become adopted as the norm even today. This is called a ‘Mercator Projection’ map. Of course, it is impossible to map the surface of a sphere on a flat paper while maintaining relative sizes of landmasses, but the Mercator projection came closer than the previous attempts. Generally, along each line of latitude, the distances were accurate, but each degree of latitude as it ascended or descended from the equator towards the poles, became increasingly inflated. The pole itself was infinitely diffused across the entirety of the lowest latitude, making a line out of a point. This explains why Antarctica seems so large, but this is all rather obvious, and the real mystery involves the simple fact that it is there at all.
We also find it in a map by Abraham Ortelius. This map was first published only one year later, in 1570. Like most maps of the time, (especially world maps) it too, was a conglomeration of all the other maps available. This world map actually came from Ortelius’ atlas called Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. This is generally identified as the first atlas and was noted as being the most accurate summary of sixteenth century cartography. In it, once again, we find references to earlier maps that are no longer available. In fact, Ortelius lists names of cartographers that we may never have known about otherwise. Many of those that were collected in Alexandria were combined into comprehensive ones by the geographers there, and these are likely most of the ones used as sourcemaps. Therefore, they were made from source maps that were made from earlier source maps.
Notice once again, the very obvious Antarctica, which was apparently thought to have been the same as Australia. This could simply be an assumption based on a vague knowledge of both landmasses. Nevertheless, the knowledge of this continent is painfully obvious. Modern history expects us to believe that the first sighting of Antarctica did not occur until the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev – in 1820. We are told that before this, Terra Australis was only legend. Looking back at the Ortelius map, we are forced to acknowledge that this land had certainly been seen before, though it may not have been seen for a very long time.
We notice that Antarctica is not drawn perfectly, but certainly it is as close to accuracy as is South and North America. It seems, at least, that there was a general understanding of the landmass, if not a perfect one. Perhaps the land did indeed, look exactly as they drew it in those days. However, to say that the continent was unknown at the time is highly inaccurate.
These maps imply that the entire globe had been discovered long before our most recent age of discovery. It raises the question, what if these maps were the cause of discovery and not the other way around? Perhaps they were kept secret, so that a colonization might occur at the chosen time in history. Might we be looking at an ancient recognition of the whole world and its landmasses? Was this kingdom destroyed by a major catastrophe, leaving only a few survivors to preserve the knowledge that had been attained by the previous age? What if this knowledge was preserved through the ages until the world was repopulated and ready to explore again?
These maps imply advanced technology that was not supposed to have existed in ancient times. For instance, they have been fluent in spherical geometry, an advanced field of mathematics, in order to accurately describe distances across a globe shaped object. They would have to have been master ship-builders as well.
Perhaps one of the most intriguing mysteries is that of longitude. Latitude is relatively easy to calculate using only the height of the sun in the sky. It is no wonder that one’s latitude corresponds to altitude of the sun from their view. Longitude is a whole other issue. The only way to properly record differences in longitude involves a clock, basically. You would need some sort of timekeeping apparatus that would let you know what time of day it was in the place you left from in order to calculate the difference of space from there.
The mystery of longitude kept explorers in the dark for centuries. It has only been relatively recently that it has been discovered within ‘our time’. In the eighteenth century the technology was finally produced. Beforehand, longitudinal positions were often estimated and errors often were in the hundreds of miles. This could often mean a shipwreck, and so it was treacherous mystery that cost many lives to solve. It is, therefore, another stunning discovery to realize that such technology was perfectly understood by our ancient ancestors and was demonstrated in maps such as that of Piri Reis.
We might note, that if such seafaring cultures were aware of Earth Navels, they could poetntially use this knowledge to help them navigate. For instance, knowing that such points must be 72 degrees apart, within the same latidute, the may be able to tell when they were approaching, say ancient Miami for example, with dowsing rods or a similar compass like instrument.
Many sources describe the Apex of the Great Pyramid as marking the ancient Prime Meridian. The modern Prime Meridian, by contrast, passes through Greenwich, London.
We may notice that in many ancient maps, we find evidence suggesting a possible struggle to understand these ley lines. This we see in the form of straight lines criss-crossing the whole globe, with specially marked intersection points. For instance, the Cantino world chart of 1502 illustrates this beautifully. It also points to Egypt’s meridian as focal point of the whole map.
Note the two circles, marked dotted out by small compass roses, which intersect at one point in the center of Africa. The Cavario Map from around 1505 shows a similar set of intersection points and lines. These lines may have been involved in attempts to decode longitude, but it seems as though there may have been something else they were trying to account for. They extend in every direction from the compass roses, and therein lies our first clue that perhaps these weren’t simply trying to find longitude, which would obviously run North-South; perpendicular to the Equator and the tropics, which are clearly marked. Therefore, it is likely that these lines display an attempt to acheive the same principle function as longitude (reference points), but they were actually working with a whole different field.
There are many other maps that show these point and line systems. Is it possible that somehow these systems were actually taken from the older maps? This is a good question considering that the ancients were well aware of this ‘other’ energy field, and that they also used the same meridian as the center. It seems as though these maps were merely another aspect within the Secret Doctrine as it travelled.
Though it may be difficult to see, these maps all show similar grid systems. Though none of them are very accurate to the real grid or to each other, they all illustrate an attempt to understand the same phenomenon, and again, it is possible that they are actually more accurate than we are yet able to tell. Perhaps we still have not learned fully how to read them.
So for one thing, we find the Giza meridian as being the center, just as the ancient world acknowledged. Second, they seem to have an interest in plotting points and lines that are all relative to this center. Third, we find that basically, the whole world was already charted at an ancient time. Lastly, we have found a reference to how old these source maps actually are in that Antarctica was shown before it was an ice landscape, and though this is one of the more radical ideas presented so far, we will soon enough see that it is very possible. This means, like the dating of the Sphinx, that the ancestor civilization was fully functioning before the earth had completed its last great transition of geography and climate. We are sure to call it a civilization, as the technology implied by such accurate maps demonstrates a level of sophistication that in many ways surpasses our own.
It implies that the wisdom of this age was preserved for some time by a continuous presence, perhaps a society or brotherhood, even after Alexandria, while the rest of the world entered into a state of ignorance and was forced to rebuild from the ground up.
Finally, we have completed our brief summary of the records left to us by our ancient ancestors. We have examined the testimony of their structures, art, mythology, astronomy, mathematics, navigation, and so on. We have seen their ability to manipulate their environment in ways we cannot reproduce or explain. We have seen evidence that they were masters of natural forces. All this evidence paints a picture of an entire epoch of human history that has been forgotten, but that is rapidly coming to light. In another fifty years, this lost age may become common knowledge. It may be taught in elementary school.
For now, it is only a hypothesis shared by many of the planets most advantageous minds that fear not the ridicule of stubborn sciences. The ‘theory’ is gaining inertia as more and more evidence piles up, pushing the date of our origins further and further into the remote past. Only one more field must be studied in order to confirm the story that seems so apparent if one is to believe the word of these, our advanced relatives from the past. We must look through one more lens, that of science.
Birth of the Ice Age
To address the scientific viewpoint requires, once again, an entirely different mindset. This field of evidence is based entirely on recent observations of the layers of the earth and what is found inside. We must bear in mind that geology and archaeology are relatively new arts. Technology allowing for accurate studies in geologic history has only been developed in recent centuries. The theory of a past Ice Age, for example, has only come to be accepted in the past two hundred years.
Among scientists, it is an established fact that our earth has undergone countless major catastrophes. Immense comets and asteroids have been flying through our galaxy since its inception. Major shifts in temperature have taken place. The magnetic poles of the earth have reversed countless times. Oceans have covered mountains, and mountains arisen from oceans. Huge forests have been washed away and buried. Massive glaciers have gouged out the land like bulldozers, lifting and placing boulders as if they were pebbles. Continents have collided and so on.
All this is known to science, yet the real questions are of the timescale and causes for these destructive forces. An event that may seem impossible in the lifespan of a human may be inevitable in the lifespan of a planet, and that which seems unlikely within the life of a planet may happen millions of times within the life of a galaxy. The Earth is not isolated from the rest of the universe. On the contrary, our planet is intensely modified based on incoming influences of an extraterrestrial nature. Even without such influences, it is constantly becoming altered within its own sphere.
Earth is continually in many different kinds of motion. It rotates, it wobbles, it orbits the Sun. With the sun, it orbits the galactic center, with the galactic center, it moves in still other ways. In regard to the galactic plane, it bobs up and down as it goes. Even with respect only to itself, the earth has many movements. For instance, the crust rotates slower than the core, which is suspended like a ball bearing in a casing of liquid rock, the crust following the waves of the core’s motio. At least this is the best guess of many scientists, as there are few who can claim to have directly observed the earth’s interior.
In recent times, it is becoming more and more well known that our planet’s evolution is not so gradual as we thought. It has always been assumed that mountains, rivers, oceans, deserts, forests and other features involve immense periods of time to form and decay. Yet with modern techniques, we realize more everyday that earth changes can often come in swift dynamic shifts. Even mountains are constantly lifting and falling. The entire crust of the planet is like a skin that is renewed and reformed every day. All life upon it undergoes such changes with it.
We will find that catastrophes in our past were very real indeed, and they coincide very accurately and significantly with our postulated revision of ancient history. We will come to understand that these upheavals serve as the mechanism of evolution. From them, blooms forth new life, new species – new ecosystems. At the same time, other populations are completely decimated or severely challenged.
As it happens, the timetable seems to suggest that an age of great disruption occurred between 15,000 and 8000 BC and the peak of this period focused on the eleventh millennium BC. This, we are told, was a time when the earth was rapidly heating up and great sheets of ice were melted down. It was the end of the last Ice Age and our ancestors were here to bear witness to this period of instability. They fought for their survival in a dangerous world.
The idea of an Ice Age entered the realm of science in the Early 1800s. The work of Louis Agassiz was perhaps the true turning point. Before him, some had claimed that large ice sheets had once covered large parts of Europe. One of these was Professor Jean Charpentier. He had adopted the theory from a botanist named C. Schimper. In 1836 Charpentier brought Agassiz to an Alpine glacier. Agassiz was a skeptic wanting to prove the theory wrong, but instead he became converted and soon became the lead spokesman of the hypothesis. He built a small hut on the edge of the glacier so that he could live on site and track its movements. This attracted a great deal of attention from naturalists and others all throughout Europe.
His time spent observing the glacier led to many simple conclusions about the nature of the giant formations, as well as strengthened his resolve.
“The study of the glaciers in the Alps revealed that glacial ice may move by its own weight a few feet daily; it actually transports stones by carrying and pushing them. Some loose rocks are shoved aside to form lateral moraines; some are pushed by the advancing front of the ice to form terminal moraines. When the glacier melts and retreats, the loose rocks remain where they were at the time of the greatest expansion of the glacier. Agassiz assumed that the erratic boulders on the Jura Mountains had been carried there by ice from the Alps and that the trains of boulders in northern Europe and America had been formed by the gigantic glaciers that, sometime in the past, covered large parts of these continents.”
– Immanuel Velikovsky, Earth In Upheaval
He set out to convert other prominent minds to the Ice Age theory in order to quicken the pace of its acceptance as scientifically sound. A leading geologist at the time was Dr William Buckland. When Agassiz visited him in the highlands of Scotland, he insisted that here they were sure to find evidence of glaciers. As they approached the castle of the Duke of Argyll, they drove over an ancient terminal moraine, which was used as a live illustration. With such luck, Agassiz instantly won a disciple who would be a great aid to him. In 1840, Agassiz presented a summary of the theory before the Geological Society of London. Buckland was president of the society at the time and he also presented at the conference. At this time Charles Lyell had also become convinced, and the audience was ever widening.
Soon after the presentation, Murchison, an opposed geologist, attempted to discredit the theory but to no avail. Buckland had defended the position too well. At this point, much of the Geological Society had been convinced. In the same year as all this, Agassiz published his theory in Etudes sur les glaciers, in which he wrote,
“The surface of Europe previously adorned with tropical vegetation and populated by herds of huge elephants, enormous hippopotami, and gigantic carnivora, was suddenly buried under a large mantle of ice, covering plains, lakes, seas and plateaus. Upon the life and movement of a vigorous creation fell the silence of death. Springs vanished, rivers ceased flowing, the rays of the sun, rising upon this frozen shore (if, indeed they reached it), encountered only the breath of winter from the north and the thunder of crevasses as they opened up across the surface of this icy sea.”
He believed that at the beginning and end of the ice age were great catastrophic events – periods in which the earth was entirely unstable. Soon after the meeting, R. I. Murchison was invited to survey Russia by Czar Nicholas I. He spent months observing the large erratic boulders all across the country. These he found in great number towards the north and Finland, but noticed that they decreased in size towards the south. This he attributed to water flowing down from the northlands and depositing the stones. These flows or tides that carried down the stones, he claimed, were caused by changes of level in the sea and land. Though he allowed that glaciers had existed in Scandinavia and Lapland, he refused the idea of their presence in Russia, Sweden, Finland and Germany.
He claimed that much of his observations led to the assumption that “aqueous detrital conditions will best account for the great diffusion of drift over the surface of the globe.” In other words, he believed more heavily in liquid water causing the effects in Russia. Later in his life, he wrote Agassiz of his regret in opposing the ice age theory early on, yet at the same time, marine deposits were being found all across Europe and Russia. This showed that in some cases, great washes of water were the causes of deposits on land. For instance, in the Caspian Sea are seals that are related to arctic seals, implying that at one time the waters were connected.
In 1865, the theory took another leap when Agassiz went to Brazil. Here he found again all the characteristic signs of glacial excavation. This shook the faith of his many followers as it was not easy to believe that ice sheets could have existed near the Equator. The signs were clear however and they showed up also in British Guiana. Soon enough, the same evidence was found in Equatorial Africa. Here the glaciers seemed to have moved in the wrong direction, spreading away from the Equator to the south. In India as well, glaciers seemed to have pushed stone away from the equator up into the base of the Himalayas.
These backwards glaciers were assumed to have been from a previous ice age, not thousands but millions of years ago. Even still, it is hard to imagine how layers of ice thousands of feet thick could have formed in the heat of the tropics. This enigma still plagues geologists today. At the same time, some of the most northerly locations seem to have avoided glaciation. The top of Greenland for instance, appears to have missed the ice age. In northern Russia and in the polar seas, spires of rock stand erect that most certainly would have been broken off had glaciers passed over them.
Something seems to be wrong in the geological timeline. Tropics used to be arctic and arctic regions seemed tropical. As the body of evidence grows, it only becomes more confusing. The bones of Greenland’s reindeer have been found in New Jersey as well as France. The Hippopotamus was found in France and England. The lion was discovered in Alaska. To explain this, it was suggested that periods of warmth punctuated the ice ages and animals at these times would have migrated into higher latitudes.
In a Swiss publication on Arctic plants, O. Heer described magnolias and fig trees among many other subtropical plants in Greenland. In Spitsbergen (78°56’ north latitude) he describes remains of pine, fir, cypress, and elm trees. Here also is a bed of coal twenty-five to thirty feet thick embedded with fossilized land plants. Heer describes, “When we remember that this vegetation grew luxuriantly within 8°15’ of the North Pole, in a region which is in darkness for half of the year and is now almost continually buried under snow and ice, we can realize the difficulty of the problem in the distribution of climate which these facts present to the geologist.”
Besides fossilized forests, coral was also found to grow in Spitsbergen. Coral can only grow in tropical waters. Even the Mediterranean is too cold. Since coral remains were found on the hull of the boat discovered at Giza, this implies that it must have travelled beyond the Mediterranean, into the Atlantic. Today the coral observed by Heer, can be seen in great formations covered with snow. It is also found in Alaska, Canada and Greenland.
In Michigan, the skeletons of two whales were discovered in bogs resting on glacial deposits. Since whales do not travel by land and glaciers do not move whales, not to mention they were found above the layers of glacial times, it was proposed that the great lakes, in times as recent as a few thousand years ago, were an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. Today, however, they rest at a level of 582 feet above sea level. Similar whales have been discovered in Vermont and Canada. It is possible that the weight of glaciers had depressed the land surrounding the St Lawrence river enough for it to allow the sea to fill it in after the glaciers had melted.
At the same time, we have found forests in Nova Scotia and New England that have since become submerged, as well as wide canyons stretching out hundreds of miles into the ocean from the mouths of the St Lawrence and Hudson Rivers, indicating that the east coast of North America was once much farther east, and is now submerged in the Atlantic. In the Gulf States as well, were found many bones of whales. So numerous they were, in fact, that farmers had used them to build fences!
All these phenomena make up a small portion of the evidence that implies periods in which the sea and land both rose and sank, while the warmer climates were frozen and the poles were temperate. It seems to tell of ages upon ages of constantly shifting landscapes. This concept need not be expanded upon any further as it is not debated by geology. It is simply an observable fact of our past. The question is how is it possible?
C. E. P. Brooks in his, Climate through the Ages, states that “So long as the Axis of rotation remains in nearly its present position relative to the plane of the earth’s orbit round the sun, the outer limit of the atmosphere in tropical regions must receive more of the sun’s heat than the middle latitudes, and the middle latitudes more than the polar regions; this is an invariable law.”
This would seem to imply that for the poles to show signs of tropical climates, the tropics would have to have been immensely hotter, and for the equator to freeze, the poles would have to have been incredibly cold. Yet perhaps this is not the only explanation.
Pole Shifts and Crustal Displacement
Through the entire history of geology, there have been many who have opposed the idea of massive catastrophes, claiming that the changes in the shape of the land are caused only by very gradual pushes and pulls. Yet many radical thinkers have insisted that a great part of the earth makeovers come in sudden and sometimes overnight disasters. Charles Hapgood certainly falls into this category, and he is perhaps one of the only men to give a reasonable explanation for all these bizarre observations. We might remember from the previous chapter that he was also the author of the book Maps of the Ancient Sea Kings, and who first discovered the enigma of the Piri Reis map. Though he was met with ignorance and skepticism at every turn, he nevertheless was a dedicated researcher and his work has found a following among people not so closed off to the possibilities. In fact, he, as well as Immanuel Velikovsky whose work will be visited soon, were endorsed by Albert Einstein, who found great merit in the work of these two geniuses, and gave much time at the end of his life to conversation with them.
Hapgood was one of the first people to popularize the theory of crustal displacement, not to be confused with magnetic pole reversals, or tectonic drifts, but an actual movement of the crust as a whole, over the liquid mantle. In other words, polar regions might slip into tropical climates or the reverse may happen, in but a single day or night, perhaps within only hours. Should such an event occur, the oceans would spill up onto the terra firma, like a dog’s water bowl, accidentally kicked across the floor. The liquid does not stop moving when the solid bowl does… It spills forward. Thus would be the tidal wave of a crustal displacement. It would not be pleasant for anyone on the planet, but especially the coastal dwellers, which as mentioned, are a vast percentage of the whole.
Hapgood was not the first to propose the idea that the crust shifted in the past, but he was instrumental in raising the issue. In fact, Velikovsky had also proposed the concept in his World’s in Collision. His controversial claims were backed by tireless research, yet the scientific community generally refused him.
In 1958 Hapgood wrote The Earth’s Shifting Crust, which included a foreword by Einstein. He proposed that ice build up, at one or both poles, accumulates to the point at which the earth’s weight is destabilized and the crust slips over the mantle. The core retains its axis while the crust is displaced, giving the effect of a new location on the surface, for the poles and Equator. He argued that the shift took around 5,000 years to occur, and occurred around every 20 – 30,000 years. Later in The Path of the Pole, he admitted that the build up of ice at the poles was a force insufficient to cause the shift, and he assumed the force had come from within the earth in some way, yet never doubted that it did happen. Flavio Barbiero theorized that a shift of the axis took place around 11,000 years ago and may have been caused by the impact of a comet. He assumed that this event caused the devastation of Atlantis.
It must be understood that this has nothing to do with plate tectonics or continental drift theories. We are not speaking about landmasses gradually floating around on the molten mantle. Crustal displacement implies that the entire skin of the planet has slipped in a single motion, like the skin of an orange. It would explain a great deal of the strange artifacts that have confused geologists for ages. It could also explain how the makers of Piri Reis’ sourcemaps were able to show Antarctica before it was frozen!
Besides the geological records and ancient maps, there is much to suggest that such an event must have taken place. At least, something must have happened that was instantaneous in the geological context. It is likely that many of these instantaneous events have taken place in our past and it seems evident that the most recent of these was either the cause or effect of the last ice age terminating. This happened right around the time that our ancestors spoke of as catastrophic – around 10,500 BC.
It is very clear that this era was absolutely devastating to all life on earth. We can gauge how difficult it must have been for our ancestors by seeing the effect that it had on other animals. Darwin was struck with curiosity as to how the horse, which used to flourish in the Americas, suddenly became extinct. He saw the modern horses that had been introduced by the Spaniards and realized that they were given optimum conditions to thrive. Why then would they have become extinct in ages past?
Within the time of the Ice Age, there were many different episodes of extinctions. Across the world were varying degrees of trauma at different times. Here the land would rise and there the land would sink for a few millennia. Here the coast would expand and there the sea would envelop it. Sometimes glaciers would form, sometimes deserts. As for the globe as a whole, the greatest time of destruction was the found at the period of the end. This we can be sure of due to the mass extinction of so many life forms. In fact, it may have been one of many turning points allowing man to truly dominate the biological scene on earth.
Darwin claimed this destruction must have upset the entire framework of the globe. Graham Hancock says, “In the New World, for example, more than seventy genera of large mammals became extinct between 15,000 BC and 8000 BC, including all North American members of seven families, and one complete order, the Proboscidea. These staggering losses involving the violent obliteration of more than forty million animals, were not spread out evenly over the whole period; on the contrary, the vast majority of the extinctions occurred in just two thousand years, between 11,000 BC and 9000 BC. To put this in perspective, during the previous 300,000 years only about twenty genera had disappeared.”
If this was caused by a shift of the crust, then we would expect to find the worst conditions near the poles, as these would be the areas that had clearly been displaced from a warmer climate to an unbearable one. Just as we would expect, the arctic regions of Alaska and Siberia have provided myriads of large mammal remains. Mammoths in particular have been discovered in such numbers that in Alaska, mammoth steak is still served in some restaurants. The meat is preserved only because somehow these animals were all flash frozen immediately following their death.
Clearly something quite sudden took place and somehow carried these animals from a temperate climate where enough vegetation could grow to support herds of large mammals, and clearly, upon their arrival, they were frozen overnight. Though it is not certain that the crust slipped on the mantle and suddenly translated the land into the icy north, I believe it is fair to say that this is the only theory yet presented, that even begins to account for the instantaneous freezing of the mammoths, and it does appear to do so completely.
Dr Dale Guthrie noted the variety of animal life that was found in the Arctic. In working with the institute of Arctic Biology, he mentioned the presence of sabertooth cats, camels, horses, rhinos, donkeys, deer, lions, and ferrets. With so much variation from the modern species inhabiting the landscape, he could not help but imagine that the environment was also drastically different in previous times.
All these animals turn up mingling together in a big messy sort of soup. University of Alaska’s F. Rainey gives the description; “Wide cuts, often several miles in length and sometimes as much as 140 feet in depth, are now being sluiced out along stream valleys tributary to the Tanana in the Fairbanks district. In order to reach gold-bearing gravel beds an overburden of frozen silt or ‘muck’ is removed with hydraulic giants. This ‘muck’ contains enormous numbers of frozen bones of extinct animals such as the mammoth, mastodon, super-bison and horse.”
The scenes that have been immortalized in this muck are truly grotesque. Man, beast and forests have somehow been mashed together as if an entire region had been dumped into a garbage compactor. Frank Hibben of the University of New Mexico writes “Although the formation of the deposits of muck is not clear, there is ample evidence that at least portions of this material were deposited under catastrophic conditions. Mammal remains are for the most part dismembered and disarticulated, even though some fragments yet retain, in their frozen state, portions of ligaments, skin, hair and flesh. Twisted and torn trees are piled in splintered masses… Whole herds of animals were apparently killed together, overcome by the same common power.”
Volcanic ash is also found mixed into this mass of flesh, and though it implies volcanic activity, this cannot account for the uprooted trees and dismembered animals. It is apparent that this sort of destruction could only have been caused by hurricane, flood or else a combination of them both. The area covered by the evidence is also far too large to have been the work of a volcano. There are not many natural forces capable of ripping apart living wood and bones, but a massive surge of the sea is certainly a possibility.
According to F. Rainey, stone artifacts were mixed in as well, implying that humans were contemporaries of these unfortunate animals. Shaped flints were repeatedly found over one hundred feet deep within this muck. Many of these tools are similar to those of the Athapascan tribe of the Tanana Valley, and even to the Inuit version. This implies that the era of turmoil must have occurred not too many thousands of years ago.
Perhaps the most important concept to be addressed here is that this land was literally frozen overnight. Had the ground been thawed even for a single summer, the remains would have rotted and decomposed. J. D. Dana was perhaps one of the most celebrated geologists of the nineteenth century. In his Manual of Geology, he wrote, “The encasing in ice of huge elephants, and the perfect preservation of the flesh, shows that the cold finally became suddenly extreme, as of a single winter’s night, and knew no relenting afterward.”
Darwin was often opposed to catastrophe theories in his day, yet even he admitted in a letter to Sir Henry Howorth that he had no answer for the frozen mammoths of Siberia. As D. Gath Whitley puts it, “It is therefore absolutely necessary to believe that the bodies were frozen up immediately after the animals died, and were never once thawed, until the day of their discovery.”
In the Journal of the Philosophical Society of Great Britain, Whitley also addresses the diet of the frozen animals. “The contents of the stomachs have been carefully examined; they show the undigested food, leaves of trees now found in Southern Siberia, but a long way from the existing deposits of ivory. Microscopic examination of the skin showed red blood corpuscles, which was a proof not only of a sudden death, but that the death was due to suffocation either by gases or water, evidently the latter in this case. But the puzzle remained to account for the sudden freezing up of this large mass of flesh so as to preserve it for future ages.”
Today, in this region, there grows only minor moss and fungi a few months of the year. There is not nearly enough vegetation to sustain large quadrupeds. Whitley is speaking of islands on the Arctic coast of Siberia, which are accessible by ships that must maneuver between floating ice, and this is only possible two months out of the year. Yet he finds similar results on Kotelny Island as well. “Neither trees, nor shrubs, nor bushes, exist…yet the bones of elephants, rhinoceroses, buffaloes and horses are found in this icy wilderness in numbers which defy all calculation.”
Academicians who followed ivory hunters in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries discovered the Siberian anomalies. In Alaska, the same came about by twentieth century scientists who followed those digging for gold. It was not until recent times that the two became studied together in a larger context. Perhaps this was because the task of understanding the phenomena was such a great challenge to explain. Velikovsky relates how, “subsequently, the same phenomena were interpreted in terms of slow evolution; and how in the last fourscore years more and more facts have presented themselves that do not square with the picture of a peaceful world molded in a slow and uneventful process.”
Velikovsky was a strong proponent of catastrophe theory, or the idea that major upsets have had a major influence not only on the landscape, but also on the biological makeup of the Earth. As more evidence is uncovered that displays signs of past cataclysms, the theory gains momentum. Of course the scientific community was always skeptical of his work, yet many others noticed the care that he demonstrated in his research and were faithful followers of the example he set.
After all, Einstein’s time was not offered up lightly in his late life, as there were many competing for it, yet he gave it to Hapgood and Velikovsky, because he saw the importance and merit of this study. Einstein’s ‘bible’, always on his desk, was The Secret Doctrine, in which Helena Blavatsky lays out the entire cosmology of the ancient Far East and the high sciences within it. He was well aware that the ancient world was the best place to look for higher knowledge, and specifically, to understand the cycles of time and how they affect the earth. Both volumes of this priceless copy of the priceless book, were rumored to have been heavily notated and underlined by his pen.
Velikovsky, along with many others, believed that natural disasters played an enormous role in evolution or more specifically, in the creation and destruction of species. It is this subtopic within evolution that has remained the greatest part of the biological mystery, and as we may be realizing, this biological mystery is intimately connected to the story of our ancestor civilization. We must remember that if such destruction took place only 12,000 years ago, then the humans on earth were no different from us. Even more sobering is the thought that should such an event take place today, we would have little advantage over our ancestors of past millennia.
Darwin’s work, though invaluable in raising questions that needed answers, was not necessarily correct. Evolution was acknowledged and understood by many men of his day, though it was he who brought it to the forefront of the scientific world. Even still, his contribution to the discussion was his theory that natural selection was the mechanism of evolution. This is untrue. Natural selection states that acquired traits that are beneficial within a given environment will provide an organism with an advantage over the rest of its species. This much is true, but Darwin went on to say that this advantage would slowly develop until a new species is formed which is better suited, whereas the old species might perish.
In fact, an acquired trait within an organism can never develop a new species. When breeders of a certain plant or animal selectively breed in order to capitalize on a desired trait, they can form new sub-species or variations, but never a new species. To be precise, a species implies a collection of organisms that can mate and produce fertile offspring. Therefore, horses and donkeys are separate species since their offspring, a mule, is infertile. Though a breeder can form a certain type of animal to fit his taste, he cannot change the animal so much that it will not be able to breed with those of the former state. So technically, inherited traits can evolve or change a species, but it can never create new ones.
Even more importantly, no acquired trait is ever inheritable by offspring. If a mouse looses its tail, its children will still be born with tails. The only new traits that can be passed to offspring (and thus make any lasting change within a species) are mutations, and these are very different from characteristics that are acquired. Mutations imply a genetic restructuring, and in nature, these can only be caused in a finite number of ways.
Darwin’s picture of evolution took place extremely gradually. He assumed that it “will generally affect only a few species at a time; for the variability of each species is independent of that of all others.” In The Origin of Species, he acknowledges a couple problems with this. “The distinctness of the specific forms, and their not being blended together by innumerably transitional links, is a very obvious difficulty.” Also, “Scarcely any palaeontological discovery is more striking than the fact that the forms of life change almost simultaneously throughout the world.”
Added to this list of difficulties, it was found that at some times, whole sets of allied species would form together. This fact destroys his theory in general. If whole families can be created at once, from a common ancestor, then when was the gradual formation? The fact that we do not see every variation between these evolving species is also very harmful to his theory and the fact that all species transition at the same times throughout the world is an even larger stumbling block. It is as though evolution takes great leaps of faith and blooms all at once, then waits.
If evolution were really a slow process, then why does the geological record show major strides forward all at once? There seems to always be patterns of advancement and waiting, over and over. Even the first signs of life on earth appeared in a flash. Niles Eldredge of the American Museum of Natural History says.
“Beginning about six hundred million years ago. . . all over the world, at roughly the same time, thick sequences of rocks, barren of any easily detected fossils, are overlain by sediments containing a gorgeous array of shelly invertebrates: trilobites, brachiopods, mollusks… Creationists have made much of this sudden development of a rich and varied fossil record where, just before, there was none… This does pose a fascinating intellectual challenge.”
David Raup and James Sepkoski, after assembling and analyzing an enormous number of ocean life forms, they were stunned to find that the fossil records showed enormous bursts of new species in cycles of 26 million years, extending back to around 250 million years ago. In 2005, Dr. Richard Muller and Robert Rhode discovered another pattern – that about every 62 million years, The same thing would happen – the entirety of life on Earth underwent a sort of upgrade, and this pattern went back past the earliest forms they had studied – around 540 million years ago.
Perhaps this is a reaction to certain energies entering into our planet at these times from distant places. Whatever the reason, it implies that the Darwinian model is not accurate. We did not steadily increase in complexity; we took giant leaps of development. We remain somewhat unchanged for millions of years at a time, then all the sudden, we shift into the next form. Imagine an egg cell that is fertilized by a sperm. It will start as one cell, then splits. Then it is two, it splits again. Then it is four, it splits again. Perhaps this is similar to how our genetic code transforms from state to state.
What are these splits like? What is the condition of the earth at these times? There are very limited factors that can cause genetic mutations and according to Velikovsky, these are 1, extreme heat and 2, radioactivity. Today, the site of the nuclear meltdown at Chernobyl is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. Darwin believed that climatic changes could not be held responsible for the formation of species because these transitions occurred globally and simultaneously. He did not even consider that perhaps the entire globe had undergone climate change all at once, yet it becomes evident that the only way for the species to shift forward would be for severe heat and radiation to have permeated the globe.
To Velikovsky, this implied a catastrophe, and therefore cataclysmic evolution took place. It implies that major disasters are the cause of the shifts in the biological constitution of all life. In this way, catastrophe theory is a more complete and organized mechanism for evolution than is Darwin’s natural selection. It leaves far fewer questions unanswered.
Since Raup and Sepkoski, as well as Muller and Rhode, had found regular patterns in the leaps forward, it is indicated that these catastrophes come in cycles that can easily be measured. This suggests the principle of cyclical time. This doesn’t necessarily mean that time is a loop that repeats itself; it means that the same forces will come back around, full circle, and display their effects on our planet in a pattern. It is just like the week or the year. We can expect that every Friday we will feel the relief of the coming weekend. We can expect that, come November, the weather will grow colder. For everything, there is a season.